National Institute of Standards and Technology

ICT and other tech sectors have spawned a range of transversal technologies, which are spreading horizontally across sectors and determining competitive dynamics. This research looks at ten transversal technologies and finds that Europe leads on only two of the ten. If Europe is not successful in competing in these technologies, it could also lose its strongholds in traditional industries.

  • In physics, the discovery of nuclear fission in the Atomic Age led to both nuclear weapons and nuclear power.
  • Comb jellies lack the most impressive ‘technology’ of jellyfish – the nematocyst stinging apparatus which is one of the most deadly weapons and fastest cellular processes in nature.
  • The primary sewer in Rome was the Cloaca Maxima; construction began on it in the sixth century BCE and it is still in use today.
  • A newly developed hydrogel based on mucus proved 70 percent effective in lab tests against HIV, and 80 percent effective against herpes.
  • To give just one example, Europe has been a leader in automotive but could become a laggard in autonomous driving.

Some thinkers believe that this may shatter our sense of self, and have urged for renewed public debate exploring the issue more thoroughly; others fear that directed evolution could lead to eugenics or extreme social inequality. Nanotechnology will grant us the ability to manipulate matter “at the molecular and atomic scale”, which could allow us to reshape ourselves and our environment in fundamental ways. Nanobots could be used within the human body to destroy cancer cells or form new body parts, blurring the line between biology and technology. Autonomous robots have undergone rapid progress, and are expected to replace humans at many dangerous tasks, including search and rescue, bomb disposal, firefighting, and war. The ethics of technology is an interdisciplinary subfield of ethics that analyzes technology’s ethical implications and explores ways to mitigate the potential negative impacts of new technologies.

Technology, philosophy, and society

New technologies were developed, including sewage systems, electricity, light bulbs, electric motors, railroads, automobiles, and airplanes. These technological advances led to significant developments in medicine, chemistry, physics, and engineering. They were accompanied by consequential social change, with the introduction of skyscrapers accompanied by rapid urbanization. Communication improved with the invention of the telegraph, the telephone, the radio, and television. Though mechanical technology is simple, it has allowed for extremely important advancements in the human experience.

Working with industry and academia to enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. Our unique Elevate Your Future program guarantees you hands-on experiences, a personalized academic and career plan, and the twenty-first century skills to achieve career success. For nearly 60 years, BCIT has been instrumental in connecting education, industry, and government in support of building an agile workforce with sustained and meaningful impact. Before the conference, make sure that your connection, audio, video, and any other technical function in your zoom application running properly.

Forbes IndonesiaInocycle makes big business from recycling PET waste.To date, recycling of PET bottles has reduced and saved more than 1 million tonnes of carbon, avoided the use of nearly 5 million m3 of landfill space, and reduced resource consumption. Recycling PET plastic bottles can reduce the need for raw materials and save energy. Recycling a ton of plastic bottles saves 1.5 tonnes of carbon compared to stockpiling or burning.Recycling is the solution to the global waste problem. In cleantech, Europe is more ambitious than most other regions on targets for the reduction of carbon emissions by 2030 but is losing ground in the next wave of cleantech. European players hold 38 percent more cleantech patents than firms in the United States, and more than double the number in China, and have more installed mature technologies per capita.

More than 300 courses in development for new and existing programs to fill skill gaps and meet industry needs. Therefore, advancements in agricultural technology for sustainable food productions while considering environmental issues, is of great importance. CHICAGO — A former graduate student has been convicted of spying for the Chinese government by gathering information on scientists and engineers in the U.S. who had knowledge about aerospace technology and other technology.


Each student should be able to communicate effectively in a variety of professional contexts. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. The CEO of Oxford Health Foundation Trust says it has done all it can to maintain services.

Early humans using the wheel allowed for the transportation of heavy material to be faster and easier. The first wheel was found in ancient Mesopotamia, and is thought to be used as a potter’s wheel to throw clay pots. Ancient Egypt and India saw the invention of the shaduf, a hand-operated lever and fulcrum used to lift water to irrigate crops. Ancient Greek philosopher Archimedes was the first to record simple machines, including pulleys, levers, and inclined planes, all used as machines to lessen the work needed to accomplish a task. During the Industrial Revolution, mechanical principles were used in the invention of engines, which use a system of pistons to generate large amounts of force needed to move trains and power factories. In modern times, mechanical technology is employed to accomplish all sorts of engineering tasks, such as running our cars, lifting heavy objects, and transporting goods.

Taken to extreme, some argue that technicism is the belief that humanity will ultimately be able to control the entirety of existence using technology. In other words, human beings will someday be able to master all problems and possibly even control the future using technology. Some, such as Monsma, connect these ideas to the abdication of religion as a higher moral authority. The invention of the wheel revolutionized activities as disparate as transportation, war, and the production of pottery . It didn’t take long to discover that wheeled wagons could be used to carry heavy loads and fast potters’ wheels enabled early mass production of pottery.

The eleventh and final ancient Roman aqueduct was built in 226 CE. Put together, the Roman aqueducts extended over 450 km, but less than 70 km of this was above ground and supported by arches. A bathtub virtually identical to modern ones was unearthed at the Palace of Knossos. Several Minoan private homes also had toilets, which could be flushed by pouring water down the drain. The ancient Romans had many public flush toilets, which emptied into an extensive sewage system. The primary sewer in Rome was the Cloaca Maxima; construction began on it in the sixth century BCE and it is still in use today.